Zero Project 2018/19
Enosh (The Israeli Mental Health Association) is a non-profit organization and the largest provider of community mental health services in Israel. Enosh has developed training on trauma and a trauma-informed housing model to support women with psychosocial disabilities who live with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a result of sexual abuse. The four shared apartments offer a safe environment with support from staff who have received training in sexual trauma and Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT). The trauma trainings are given to Enosh staff members and beneficiaries.
Research suggests more than half of all women with psychosocial disabilities have been sexually assaulted. Yet many mental health and supported housing services cannot support women with experiences of sexual trauma and complex PTSD.
Each of the apartments accommodates three or four women aged 18 to 35. A female social worker and rehabilitation counselor, both trained in sexual trauma and DBT, visit the apartment daily. The service offers personal meetings, group therapy, and peer support. Staff members work with the women to develop individualized support plans, and they provide the necessary tools and guidance to achieve the milestones within these plans.
To deliver a specialist trauma-informed service, and to increase trauma awareness across the organization, Enosh also developed the ‘Seeds of Change’ training toolkit, with a variety of training packages for staff across all services. Enosh has worked with the Association of Rape Crisis Centres in Israel to promote trauma-informed mental health services and adding this subject to the professional training of medical and psychiatric staff. Beneficiaries will also soon be offered additional support and empowerment through peer support groups.
As a result, women in the apartments have lower rates of re-hospitalization, fewer suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts, strengthen their communications skills, and build trusting relationships with peers and professionals.
In 2018, 80 mental health professionals attended a national conference on sexual trauma organized by Enosh.
In 2019, Enosh will open apartments in two more regions, one of which will be for men who have experienced sexual trauma. All Enosh’s beneficiaries in the apartment will have sexual trauma programs to promote awareness and peer support that will hopefully lead to self-advocacy.
The training could be replicated internationally, with local partners making changes to reflect cultural sensitivities. To replicate the housing model, community mental health housing services, professionals trained in sexual trauma, and management staff for supervision and oversight are needed.